Tsarin zamantakewa da hadarin mata na rikici na aboki a Nepal

Nora'idojin zamantakewar al'umma suna ƙaruwa shine mahimmancin dabarun hana abokin tarayya (IPV) dabarun rigakafin. Wannan binciken yana nazarin tasirin sabon ma'aunin dabi'un zamantakewa, Abokin Rikicin Norms Scale, a kan hadarin mata na IPV, a Nepal.

A project na -
Nepal, Gwarzon Neman daidaito tsakanin mata da karfafawa, Ma'aikatar Haɗin Gwiwa ta Burtaniya (DFID); Jami’ar Emory; Majalisar Nazarin Likitocin Afirka ta Kudu (MRC)

Ofishin Jakadancin - Yin aiki tare da ma'aurata don hana rikici na abokin tarayya a Nepal.

Fahimtar tasirin IPV shine buƙata ta tsakiya don hana ta. Ta hanyar fasahar sadarwa mai inganci wacce ke magance ka'idodin zamantakewar kai tsaye, EAI's Canji Ya Fara a Gida aikin ya gano halayen zamantakewa waɗanda ke yarda da ayyukan IPV a cikin Nepal, da ƙari.

Rikicin abokin tarayya (IPV) shine rikicin lafiyar jama'a na duniya, tare da kusan kashi 30% na mata masu shekaru 15 ko mazan suna fuskantar rayuwa ta rayuwa da / ko yin jima'i. "

Change Starts at Home, EAI Nepal workshop
Change Starts at Home, EAI Nepa

A cikin Nepal, kashi 75% na maza da mata ko dai gaba ɗaya ko kuma sun yarda cewa maza suna da halin ɗabi'a, kuma kusan kashi ɗaya cikin huɗu na maza gaba ɗaya ko kuma sun yarda cewa abin kunya ne idan namiji ba zai iya ko ya doke matarsa ​​ba.

EAI ta Canji Ya Fara a Gida (Canji) aikin yana aiki sosai game da sakamakon IPV ta hanyar gwada zamantakewar jama'a, tsoma bakin halayyar sadarwa da aka tsara don canza ƙa'idodi da halaye tare da manufar hana IPV. A cikin wannan binciken, marubutan sun tantance alaƙar da ke tsakanin ƙa'idodin zamantakewar jama'a da ƙwarewar mata. Akwai wayewar kan duniya game da buƙatar ingantaccen ƙididdiga game da yaɗuwa, sababi, da sakamakon IPV akan mata azaman share fagen kawar da ita (Sashin Tattalin Arziki da Harkokin Tattalin Arziƙin Jama'a na Majalisar Dinkin Duniya, 2014). 

Ka'idojin zamantakewa sune ka'idoji na yau da kullun waɗanda aka samo daga tsarin zamantakewa waɗanda ke ba da ladabi abin da ake tsammanin, yarda, ko izinin musamman a cikin yanayi. Dangane da farkon Change fitina, tare da wasu bayanan, ƙa'idodi da yawa da aka amince da su a Nepal sun haɗa da ikon maza game da mata, da kuma nuna ƙarfi da ƙarfafa ra'ayin cewa maza suna da ikon yanke shawara na farko a cikin aure. Ana tsammanin mazaje na zamantakewar jama'a don wadatarwa da kare danginsu, suna da ikon girmamawa da biyayya, kuma suna iya yin iko ko ƙarfi don cika matsayinsu (Ghimire da Samuels, 2017). 'Yan matan Nepal mata da mata galibi ana sanya su matsayin mazan jiya masu ra'ayin mazan jiya, ba su da ƙarancin wakilci kuma sun taƙaita samun ilimi da aiki. Ayyuka kamar su auren yara, tsarin sadaki, fifikon dan da auren mata fiye da daya suma suna taimakawa ga yaduwar IPV. Amfani da bayanan asali daga Change aikin, wannan binciken yana ginawa akan binciken da aka fara a Nepal da kuma duniya baki ɗaya ta hanyar bincika ƙungiyar sabon ma'auni na ƙa'idodin zamantakewar jama'a akan abubuwan mata na IPV.

Musamman, wannan binciken yana tantance cikin-gari, tsakanin al'umma da tasirin tasirin Nora'idodin lencearfafawar Abokin Hulɗa (PVNS) akan haɗarin mata na IPV kuma ko wannan matakin yana ƙara ƙarin bayani fiye da wanda aka samo daga ma'aunin halayen haɗaka, wanda shine wakili da aka saba amfani dashi don tsammanin daidaitattun ka'idoji.